Sep 2021: Prof. Rajaraman was recently elected to a leadership position in the MEMS/Sensors/Transducers Community as a Member of the Board of Directors of Transducers Research Foundation charged with the mission to stimulate research in science and engineering, with emphasis on technologies related to transducers, microsystems, and nanosystems, and to foster the exchange of ideas and information between academic, industrial, and government researchers. For more info, please visit: https://www.transducer-research-foundation.org/discover_TRF/officers_and_directors.html       •       Aug 2021: Prof. Rajaraman is co-organizing and co-hosting an online mini-symposium on bioelectronics for pain and addiction. For more information and registering to attend the symposium for free, please visit: https://mistcenter.org/meeting/ultimate/bioelectronics/       •       July 2021: Nilab graduated with her Ph.D. in Chemistry, successfully defending her Ph.D. on July 1, 2021. Congrats Dr. Azim!       •       June 2021: Our work on “Tri-Modal 3D MEAs" won the Best Poster Award at the recently concluded virtual meeting, IEEE Transducers 2021. For more info please visit: https://transducers2021.org/home/award_winners.html       •       June 2021: The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new undergraduate students - Jennifer Nguyen, B.S. student in Mechanical Engineering and Rhondra Giscombe, B.S. student in Materials Science & Engineering. Welcome Jennifer and Rhondra!       •       May 2021: The Rajaraman Group welcomes a new student to the group: Omar Cepeda Torres, NSF REU student joins us for summer 2021 from Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico. Welcome Omar!       •       April 2021: The group’s first journal paper with a high school student as the first author will be published in the Journal of Young Investigators. Here’s an early press release about it: https://www.jyi.org/2021-may/2021/5/1/press-release-microneedles-to-help-overcome-a-major-citrus-crop-disease       •       March 2021: Our review paper on 2D and 3D MEAs was chosen among a select few articles in IoP JMM as “Highlights of 2020”: https://iopscience.iop.org/journal/0960-1317/page/highlights-of-2020       •       Feb 2021: The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new undergraduate student - Aliyah Baksh a B.S. student in Biology. Welcome Aliyah!       •       January 2021: We start the Spring 2021 semester still under COVID restrictions. The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new graduate student - Andre Childs, a Ph.D. student in Materials Science and Engineering. Welcome Andre!       •       December 2020: Two of the three submitted papers from the group got accepted to MEMS 2021 including a paper for Oral Presentation. For more information on the program, please visit: https://www.mems21.org/program/MEMS2021_Program.pdf       •       November 2020: Cacie graduated with her Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, successfully defending her Ph.D. on Nov. 20, 2020. Congrats Dr. Hart!       •       October 2020: Prof. Rajaraman will attend BioFlorida 2020 held virtually. For more information, please visit: https://biofloridaconference.pathable.co/agenda       •       September 2020: Prof. Rajaraman is part of the organizing committee for the North American Materials Colloquium Series (NAMCS) promoting top Materials researchers across North America. For more details please visit: http://namcs.org       •       September 2020: Prof. Rajaraman is giving an invited talk at the annual IEEE NEMS Meeting on Impedance-based Biosensors. For more details please visit: https://ieee-nems.org/2020/       •       August 2020 We start a Fall semester unlike any other. The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new graduate student - Jorge Manrique Castro, a Ph.D. student in Electrical Engineering. Welcome Jorge!       •       July 2020: Five of the Seven (5/7) papers the NanoBioSensors & Systems Group submitted to the special issue of IEEE JMEMS for Hilton Head 2020 were accepted and are available online: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/tocresult.jsp?isnumber=4357932       •       June 2020: Research Labs around UCF are beginning to slowly open following university guidelines: https://corona.research.ucf.edu. The NanoBioSensors and Systems Lab is open currently.       •       May 2020: Dr. Rajaraman presented at the inaugural UCF CECS Virtual Faculty Seminar Series. The title of his talk was "Makerspace Micro/Nanofabrication of Biomedical and Agricultural MicroSystems".       •       March 2020 - May 2020: The NanoBioSensors and Systems Lab was closed due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.       •       February 2020: Both of our submitted abstracts were accepted (57% acceptance rate) for poster presentation at the Hilton Head MEMS Meeting 2020. For more details on the terrific program, please visit: https://www.hh2020.org       •       February 2020: For the third year in a row, Laboni Santra a 11th grade student from Oviedo High School and a volunteer in the lab won multiple awards at the Seminole County Science, Math and Engineering Fair held on February 6, 2020. Laboni won: 1st place in Plant Sciences category and Special awards from the U.S. Metric Association and the Yale Science and Engineering Association, including Nomination to Florida State Science and Engineering Fair and Nomination to Regeneron International Science and Engineering Fair in Anaheim, California. Incredible accomplishment for three years straight! Carry on this tremendous success Laboni! Congratulations!       •       January 2020: Dr. Rajaraman will attend the IEEE MEMS 2020 (https://www.mems20.org) and present one poster on DLP 3D Printing of High Aspect Ratio structures from the group.       •       January 2020: Happy New Year! The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new graduate student - Julia Freitas Orrico, a masters student in Nanotechnology. Welcome Julia!       •       November 2019: Dr. Rajaraman, Avra, Khalid, Chuck, Paola and Laboni will attend NanoFlorida 2019 to present 2 talks and one poster. For more details, please visit: https://www.nanoflo.org       •       October 2019 Dr. Rajaraman attended the 15th Tissue Chips Consortium Meeting in Washington, DC. For more information on the meeting, please visit: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/15th-nih-tissue-chip-consortium-meeting-registration-65125708748       •       September 2019: Dr. Syed Khalid Pasha joined the group as a post-doctoral fellow. Welcome Khalid!       •       August 2019: Dr. Rajaraman attended the Nordic Organ on a Chip Meeting in Tampere, Finland and gave an invited talk at the meeting on the development of 2D and 3D Microelectrode Arrays. For more information on the meeting, please visit: https://events.tuni.fi/nooc2019/       •       August 2019: The Rajaraman Group welcomes a new volunteer, Nicholas Alban a sophomore in ECE. Welcome Nick!       •       July 2019: Chuck successfully defended his M.S. thesis on July 3, 2019. His thesis is entitled: DEVELOPMENT OF 3D PRINTED AND 3D METAL-BASED MICRO/NANOFABRICATED, AND NANO-FUNCTIONALIZED, MICROELECTRODE ARRAY (MEA) BIOSENSORS FOR FLEXIBLE, CONFORMABLE, AND IN VITRO APPLICATIONS. Congrats Chuck! He starts his Ph.D. at UCF in Fall 2019.       •       June 2019: Chuck and Dr. Rajaraman attend the Transducers-Eurosensors 2019 Meeting (https://transducers-eurosensors2019.org) and present 2 posters from the group.       •       June 2019: The Rajaraman Group welcomes new students to the group: Paola Morales Carvajal, NSF REU student joins us for summer 2019 from Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico and Parker Arnett, junior in Mechanical Engineering joins the group as a volunteer. Welcome Paola and Parker!       •       May 2019: New paper from the group is published in IEEE JMEMS. Please see the link for details and downloading options: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8709727       •       May 2019: Rajaraman Group students have won several awards and fellowships: Charles Didier was awarded the ORCGS Doctoral Fellowship for Ph.D. studies starting Fall 2019. This university fellowship was created by the Office of Research and College of Graduate Studies to be awarded to outstanding incoming doctoral students who have demonstrated excellent academic achievement, preparation, and potential for successful graduate study at UCF. Congrats Chuck!; Cacie Hart won a Doctoral Research Support Award from the College of Graduate Studies. Congrats Cacie!; Julia Orrico won a Office of Undergraduate Research Student Research Grant. Congrats Julia!       •       April 2019: Laboni’s project entitled "A Minimally-Invasive 3D-Printed Microneedle Array Applicator System (µNAAS) for Delivery of Therapeutics to Citrus Leaf Tissue" won First Place in the 64th State Science and Engineering Fair of Florida in the area of Plant Sciences. Laboni’s project was also selected as a Finalist (top 5 in all of Central Florida) for the Dr. Nelson Ying Award. Laboni will present for this award a compete for the top prize at the end of April 2019. Congratulations Laboni on such amazing accomplishments.       •       March 2019: New paper from the group is published in RSC Advances. Please see the link for details and downloading options: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2019/ra/c8ra09116a#!divAbstract       •       Both of our submitted abstracts were accepted (44% acceptance rate) for poster presentation at the IEEE Transducers-Eurosensors 2019. For more details, please visit: https://transducers-eurosensors2019.org       •       February 2019: Laboni Santra, a 10th grade student from Oviedo High School and a volunteer in the lab won multiple awards for the second year running at the Seminole County Science, Math and Engineering Fair held on February 2, 2019. Laboni won - 1st place Plant Sciences Category, Nominee for State Science and Engineering Fair of Florida, Best of Show, 1st Alternate for the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair - An amazing accomplishment for two straight years. Congratulations Laboni!       •       February 2019: Adam Rozman, a freshman in Mechanical Engineering joined the lab as a volunteer. Welcome Adam!       •       January 2019: Happy New Year! The NanoBioSensors and Systems Group welcomes a new graduate student (co-advised with Prof. Tetard, NSTC and Department of Physics) - Miguel Tirado, a masters student in Nanotechnology. Welcome Miguel!       •       January 2019: New papers from the group are published in Biosensors and IEEE JMEMS. Biosensors paper link: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/8/4/88 IEEE JMEMS paper link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8604145       •       November 2018: Cacie, Chuck and Dr. Rajaraman attend the MicroTAS 2018 Meeting and present 2 posters from the group. Both Cacie and Chuck won travel awards to attend the meeting, from NSTC (UCF), Student Government Association (UCF), College of Graduate Studies (UCF) and from the organizing committee of MicroTAS, the Chemical & Biological Microsystems Society (CBMS). Congrats Cacie and Chuck!       •       November 2018: Dr. Rajaraman was invited to give a talk at the Third Annual Materials Innovation in Sustainable Agriculture (MISA) Symposium. For more details, please visit: http://nanoscience.ucf.edu/misa/symposium.php       •       October 2018: Dr. Rajaraman, Avra, Crystal and Laboni will attend NanoFlorida 2018 to present 3 posters and one invited talk. For more details, please visit: http://411.fit.edu/nanoflorida/       •       October 2018: Dr. Rajaraman gave the ECE Seminar at Georgia Tech on Oct 3, 2018.       •       September 2018: Darina Khater joins the group as an undergraduate volunteer. Welcome Darina!       •       August 2018: Dr. Rajaraman was featured and interviewed on the Nanovation Podcast. For more details and to listen to the Podcast, please visit: http://www.fillerlab.com/nanovation/archive/40       •       July 2018: Two of our abstracts were accepted for poster presentation at the MicroTAS 2018 Meeting.       •       July 2018: Two of our abstracts to the MEA 2018 Meeting were accepted and Sarah & Sandra attend the meeting to present the work.       •       June 2018: Nilab, Avra and Dr. Rajaraman attend the Hilton Head MEMS 2018 Meeting and present 2 posters from the group. Nilab won two travel awards to attend the meeting, one from NSTC (UCF) and another from the Transducers Research Foundation. Congrats Nilab!       •       May 2018: Ms. Crystal Nattoo from the University of Miami joins the group as a NSF Research Experience Undergraduate (REU) scholar. Welcome Crystal!

Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers (at UCF)

  1. L. Santra, W. Furiosi, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, “A Minimally-Invasive 3D Printed Microneedle Array Applicator System (µNAAS) for Delivery of Therapeutics to Citrus Leaf Tissue”, Journal of Young Investigators, 39 (5), pp. 60-66, 2021: https://www.jyi.org/2021-june/2021/6/1/a-minimally-invasive-3d-printed-microneedle-array-applicator-system-naas-for-delivery-of-therapeutics-to-citrus-leaf-tissue
  2. A. Kundu, S. Langevin, A. Rozman, J. Patrone, L. Hamilton, and S. Rajaraman, “A Minimally Invasive, Micromilled, Microneedle Flexible Patch Array (µNFPA) for Transdermal Hydration Sensing”, Institute of Physics Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2021 (available online): https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6439/ac0322
  3. A. Kundu, L. McCoy, N. Azim, H. Nguyen, C. Didier, T. Ausaf, A. Sharma, J. Curley, M. Moore and S. Rajaraman, “Fabrication and Characterization of 3D Printed, 3D Microelectrode Arrays for Interfacing with a Peripheral Nerve-on-a-Chip”, ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng, 2020, (available online): https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.0c01184
  4. P. Morales-Carvajal, A. Kundu, C. Didier, C. Hart, F. Sommerhage and S. Rajaraman, “Makerspace Microfabrication of a Stainless Steel 3D Microneedle Electrode Array (3D MEA) on a Glass Substrate for Simultaneous Optical and Electrical Probing of Electrogenic Cells”, RSC Advances, 2020, 10, 41577-87, 2020: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2020/ra/d0ra06070d#!divAbstract
  5. C. Hart, C. Didier, F. Sommerhage and S. Rajaraman, “Biocompatibility of Blank, Post-Processed and Coated 3D Printed Resin Structures with Electrogenic Cells”, Biosensors, 10, 152, 2020. https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/10/11/152
  6. J. Choi, H. Lee, S. Rajaraman and D-H. Kim, “Recent Advances in Three-Dimensional Microelectrode Array Technologies for in vitro and in vivo Cardiac and Neuronal Interfaces”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 171 (2021), 112687, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2020.112687
  7. C. Hart, K.S. Kumar, J. Li, J. Thomas and S. Rajaraman, "Investigation of the Enhanced Sensitivity of Interdigitated Electrodes for Cellular Biosensing with Geometric, Nanostructured Surface Area and Surface Plasmon Resonance Modes", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2020 (available online): https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9159871
  8. H. Mansoorzare, S. Shahraini, A. Todi, N. Azim, S. Rajaraman and R. Abdolvand, "Liquid-Loaded Piezo-Silicon Micro-Disc Oscillators for Pico-Scale Bio-Mass Sensing", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2020 (available online). [IF: 2.621]: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9143136
  9. C. Didier, A. Kundu, J. Shoemaker, J. Vukasinovic and S. Rajaraman, "SeedEZ Interdigitated Electrodes and Multifunctional Layered Biosensor Composites: A Paradigm Shift in the Development of In Vitro Biomicrosystems", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2020 (available online): https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9126794
  10. A. Kundu, P. Arnett, A. Bagde, N. Azim, M. Singh and S. Rajaraman, "DLP 3D Printed Intelligent Microneedle Array (iµNA) for Stimuli Responsive Release of Drugs and it’s In Vitro and Ex Vivo Characterization", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2020 (available online): https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9126784
  11. A. Kundu, A. Rozman and S. Rajaraman, "Development of a 3D Printed, Self-Insulated, High-Throughput 3D Microelectrode Array (HT-3D MEA)", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2020 (available online): https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9126130
  12. C. Didier, D. DeRoo, A. Kundu, and S. Rajaraman, "Development of in vitro 2D and 3D Microelectrode Arrays and their Role in Advancing Biomedical Research", (invited review paper) Institute of Physics Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2020 (available online): https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6439/ab8e91
  13. C. Didier, A.Kundu, A. & S. Rajaraman, "Capabilities and limitations of 3D printed microserpentines and integrated 3D electrodes for stretchable and conformable biosensor applications" Microsyst Nanoeng 6, 15 (2020). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41378-019-0129-3
  14. C. Hart and S. Rajaraman, "Low Power, Multimodal Laser Micromachining of Materials for Applications in sub-5um Shadow Masks and sub-10um Interdigitated Electrodes (IDEs) Fabrication", Micromachines 11, 178, doi. 10.3390/mi11020178; https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/11/2/178, 2020.
  15. H. Mansoorzare, S. Shahraini, A. Todi, N. Azim, D. Khater, S. Rajaraman and R. Abdolvand, "A Microfluidic MEMS-Microbalance Platform with Minimized Acoustic Radiation in Liquid", IEEE Trans. In Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control (early access online), Doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2019.2955402; https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8910595, 2019.
  16. A. Kundu, M. Campos, S. Santra & S. Rajaraman, "Precision Vascular Delivery of Agrochemicals with Micromilled Microneedles (µMMNs)", Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 14008, https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-50386-8, 2019.
  17. N. Azim, A. Kundu, M. Royse, Y. Li Sip, M. Young, S. Santra, L. Zhai and S. Rajaraman, "Fabrication and Characterization of a 3D Printed MicroElectrodes Platform with Functionalized Electrospun Nanoscaffolds and Spin Coated 3D Insulation Towards Multifunctional Biosystems", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS) https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8709727, 2019
  18. A. Kundu, C. Nattoo, S. Fremgen, S. Springer, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, "Optimization of Makerspace Microfabrication Techniques and Materials for the Realization of Planar, 3D Printed Microelectrode Arrays in under Four Days", RSC Advances, 9, pp. 8949 – 8963 https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2019/ra/c8ra09116a#!divAbstract, 2019.
  19. N. Azim, C. Hart, F. Sommerhage, M. Aubin, J. Hickman and S. Rajaraman, "Precision Plating of Human Electrogenic Cells on Microelectrodes Enhanced with Precision Electrodeposited Nano-Porous Platinum for Cell-Based Biosensing Applications", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 28 (1), pp. 50-62
    https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8604145.
  20. C. Hart, A. Kundu, K. Kumar, S. Varma, J. Thomas and S. Rajaraman, "Rapid Nanofabrication of Nanostructured Interdigitated Electrodes (nIDEs) for Long Term, in vitro Analysis of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiated Cardiomyocytes", Biosensors, 8(4), 88, https://doi.org/10.3390/bios8040088, 2018.
  21. S. Varma, K. Kumar, S. Seal, S. Rajaraman and J. Thomas, "Fiber-type Solar Cells, Nanogenerators, Batteries, and Supercapacitors for Wearable Applications", Advanced Science, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/advs.201800340, 2018.
  22. A. Kundu, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, "3D Printing, Ink Casting and Micromachined Lamination (3D PICLµM): A Makerspace Approach to the Fabrication of Biological Microdevices", Micromachines 9(2), 85, https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/9/2/85, 2018
  23. C. Karnati, R.J. Aguilar, C. Arrowood, J.D. Ross and S. Rajaraman, "Micromachining on and of Transparent Polymers for Patterning Electrodes and Growing Electrically Active Cells for Biosensor Applications", Micromachines 8(8), 250, https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/8/8/250, 2017

Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers (Prior to UCF)

  1. G.S. Guvanasen, S. Rajaraman, S.P. DeWeerth and T.R. Nichols, "Electrical Activation of Muscle via a Stretchable Microneedle Electrode Array", Journal of Applied Physiology, 2017 (in press).
  2. G.S. Guvanasen, S. Rajaraman, S.P. DeWeerth and T.R. Nichols, "Measurement of Electromyographic Activity via a Stretchable Microneedle Electrode Array", Journal of Applied Physiology, 2017 (in press).
  3. G.S. Guvanasen, L. Guo, R.J. Aguilar, A.L. Cheek, C.S. Shafor, S. Rajaraman, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "A Stretchable Microneedle Electrode Array for Stimulating and Measuring Intramuscular Electromyographic Activity", IEEE Transactions in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, vol. 25, no. 9, 2017.
  4. G.S. Guvanasen, M.L. Mancini, W.A. Calhoun, S. Rajaraman and S.P. DeWeerth, "Polydimethylsiloxane Microstencils Molded on 3-D Printed Templates", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1045-53, 2014.
  5. P-C. Wang, S-J. Paik, S. Chen, S. Rajaraman, S-H. Kim and M.G. Allen, "Fabrication and Characterization of Polymer Hollow Microneedle Array using UV Lithography into Micromolds", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1041-53, 2013.
  6. S. Rajaraman, J.A. Bragg, J.D. Ross and M.G. Allen, "Micromachined Three-Dimensional Electrode Arrays for Transcutaneous Nerve Tracking", Institute of Physics Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 21, no. 8 o85014 (13 pp.), 2011.
  7. S. Rajaraman, J.D. Ross, M.C. LaPlaca and M.G. Allen, "Development and Characterization of a Packaged Mechanically Actuated Microtweezer System", Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 167, no. 2, pp. 502-511, 2011.
  8. S. Rajaraman, S-O. Choi, M.A. McClain, J.D. Ross, M.C. LaPlaca and M.G. Allen, "Metal Transfer Micromolded Three-Dimensional Microelectrode Arrays (3-D MEAs) for in-vitro Brain Slice Recordings", IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 396-409, 2011.
  9. S. Rajaraman, S-O. Choi, R.H. Shafer, J.D. Ross, J. Vukasinovic, Y. Choi, S.P. DeWeerth, A. Glezer and M.G. Allen, "Microfabrication Technologies for a Coupled Three-Dimensional Microelectrode, Microfluidic Array", Institute of Physics Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 163-171, 2007.
  10. S. Rajaraman, H-S. Noh, P.J. Hesketh and D.S. Gottfried, "Rapid, Low Cost Microfabrication Technologies toward Realization of Devices for Dielectrophoretic Manipulation of Particles and Nanowires", Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 114, pp. 392-401, 2006.
  11. S. Kumar, S. Rajaraman, R.A. Gerhardt, Z.L. Wang and P.J. Hesketh, "Tin Oxide Nanosensor Fabrication using AC Dielectrophoretic Manipulation of Nanobelts", Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, pp. 943-951, 2005.
  12. S. Rajaraman and H. T. Henderson, "A Unique Fabrication Approach for Microneedles using Coherent Porous Silicon Technology" Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 105, pp. 443-448, 2004.

Peer Reviewed Conference Papers (at UCF)

  1. J. Orrico, A. Kundu, C. Didier, A. Bosak, M. Moore and S. Rajaraman*, “Fabrication and Characterization of 3D Microelectrode Arrays (3D MEAs) with Tri-Modal (Electrical, Optical, and Microfluidic) Interrogation of Electrogenic Cell Constructs”, Proc. of the 21st International Conference on Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers 2021), pp. 226-29, Virtual, June 2021. [BEST POSTER AWARD WINNER]
  2. C. Didier, C. Rountree, J. Orrico, A. Kundu, N. Azim, H. Nguyen, S. Pasha, L. McCoy, J. Curley, M. Moore and S. Rajaraman, “Fabrication and Characterization of 3D Microelectrode Arrays (3D MEAs) with Edge Wrapped Metal Interconnects and 3D Printed Assembly Rig for Simultaneous Optical and Electrical Probing of Nerve-on-a-Chip Constructs”, the 34th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (IEEE MEMS 2021), Virtual, Jan 2021.
  3. L. Santra, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, “A Flexible, Digital Light Processing (DLP) 3D Printed and Coated Microneedle Array (cµNA) for Precision Delivery of Novel Nanotherapeutics to Plant Tissue”, the 34th International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (IEEE MEMS 2021), Virtual, Jan 2021.
  4. C. Hart, K.S. Kumar, J. Li, J. Thomas and S. Rajaraman, "Nanofabricated, Multimodal, Interdigitated Electrode Biosensors with Impedimetric and Plasmonic Biosensing Modes", the 30th Anniversary World Congress on Biosensors, Busan, South Korea, November 2020.
  5. M. Tirado, A. Kundu, L. Tetard and S. Rajaraman, "Digital Light Processing (DLP) 3D Printing of Millimeter-scale High Aspect Ratio (HAR) Structures Exceeding 100:1" the 33rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (IEEE MEMS 2020), Vancouver, Canada, Jan 2020.
  6. A. Kundu, T. Ausaf, P. Rajasekaran and S. Rajaraman, "Multimodal Microfluidic Biosensor with Interdigitated Electrodes (IDE) and Microelectrode Array (MEA) for Bacterial Detection and Identification", the 20th International Conference on Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers-Eurosensors 2019), Berlin, Germany, June 2019.
  7. C. Didier, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Facile, Packaging Substrate-Agnostic Microfabrication and Assembly of Scalable, Metal, 3D Microelectrode Arrays for In vitro Organ on a Chip and Cellular Disease Modeling", the 20th International Conference on Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers-Eurosensors 2019), Berlin, Germany, June 2019.
  8. C. Didier, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "From 3D to 4D: Integration of 3D Printed Structures for Fabrication of Multifunctional 4D Biological Microsensors for Lab-on-a-Chip and Wearable Applications", the 22nd International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS 2018), Kaoshiung, Taiwan, Nov 2018.
  9. C. Hart and S. Rajaraman, "Multimodal Laser Micromachined Shadow Masks for Rapid Patterning of Sub-5µm Organic and Inorganic Layers for Lab-on-a-Chip Applications", the 22nd International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS 2018), Kaoshiung, Taiwan, Nov 2018.
  10. N. Azim, N. Castaneda, A. Diaz, H. Kang and S. Rajaraman, "Multi-modal Microelectrode Arrays for the Investigation of Protein Actin’s Electro-Mechanosensing Mechanisms Toward Neurodegenerative Disease Models on a Chip", the 18th Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop (Hilton Head 2018), Hilton Head, SC, June 2018.
  11. N. Azim, T. Ausaf, A. Kundu, L. Zhai and S. Rajaraman, "Fabrication and Characterization of 3D Printed, 3D Microelectrode Arrays with Spin Coated Insulation and Functional Electrospun 3D Scaffolds for ‘Disease in a Dish’ and ‘Organ on a Chip’ Models", the 18th Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop (Hilton Head 2018), Hilton Head, SC, June 2018.
  12. T. Ausaf, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "3-D Printing, Ink Casting and Lamination (3-D PICL): A Rapid, Robust, and Cost Effective Process Technology toward the Fabrication of Microfluidic and Biological Devices", the 21st International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS 2017), Savannah, GA, Oct 2017.
  13. A. Kundu, S. Varma, J. Thomas and S. Rajaraman, "Plasmonic Interdigitated Electrodes (PIDEs) for in vitro Analysis of Cells", the 21st International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS 2017), Savannah, GA, Oct 2017.
  14. N. Azim, F. Sommerhage, M. Aubin, J. Hickman and S. Rajaraman, "Precision Plating of Electrogenic Cells on Microelectrodes Enhanced with Nano-Porous Platinum for Cell-based Biosensing Applications", 231^st^ Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA, May -- June 2017.
  15. S. Rajaraman, "Wearable and Stretchable Three-Dimensional Microelectrode Arrays for Diagnostic and Implantable Applications", Sensors Midwest Expo, Chicago, IL, 2016.
  16. P.E. Tyler and S. Rajaraman, "A 48-well Transparent Microelectrode Array Fabricated utilizing a Flexible "Wrapped Around" Interconnect Technology, IEEE Sensors Conference, Orlando, FL, 2016.

Peer Reviewed Conference Papers (Prior to UCF)

  1. Y.A. Patel, A.C. Willsie, I.P. Clements, R.J. Aguilar, S. Rajaraman and R.J. Butera, "Microneedle Cuff Electrodes for Extrafascicular Peripheral Nerve Interfacing", IEEE EMBC, Orlando, FL, 2016.
  2. Y.A. Patel, I.P. Clements, R.J. Aguilar, S. Rajaraman and R.J. Butera, "Upgrading the Standard Cuff Electrode : A Microneedle based Approach to Higher SNRs and Lower Stimulation Thresholds, IEEE EMBS BRAIN Grand Challenges Conference, Washington DC, 2014.
  3. G.S. Guvanasen, A.L. Cheek, R.J. Aguilar, C.S. Shafor, S. Rajaraman, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "A Stretchable Microelectrode Array for Electrically Interfacing with Muscle", Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 2014.
  4. G.S. Guvanasen, R.J. Aguilar, C. Karnati, S. Rajaraman, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "Development of a Stretchable, Penetrating Electrode Array for Measuring Intramuscular Electromyographic Activity", IEEE Neural Engineering Conference, San Diego, California, November 2013.
  5. G.S. Guvanasen, R. Aguilar, C. Karnati, S. Rajaraman, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "Development of a Stretchable Penetrating Electrode Array for Measuring Intramuscular Electromyographic Activity", Micro-Total-Analysis Systems (uTAS), Freiburg, Germany, 2013.
  6. B.A. Wester, J.D. Ross, S. Rajaraman and M.G. Allen, "Packaging and Characterization of Mechanically Actuated Microtweezers for Biomedical Applications", IEEE EMBC Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.
  7. P-C. Wang, B.A. Wester, S. Rajaraman, S-J. Paik, S-H. Kim and M.G. Allen, "Hollow Polymer Microneedle Array Fabricated Photolithography Process Combined with Micromolding Technique", IEEE EMBC Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2009.
  8. S. Rajaraman, M.A. McClain, S-O. Choi, J.D. Ross, S.P. DeWeerth, M.C. LaPlaca and M.G. Allen, "Three-Dimensional Metal Transfer Micromolded Microelectrode Arrays for in-vitro Brain Slice Recordings", IEEE Transducers 2007, Lyon, France, 2007.
  9. F. Herrault, C-H. Ji, S. Rajaraman, R.H. Shafer and M.G. Allen, "Electrodeposited Metal Structures in High Aspect Ratio Cavities using Parylene Molds and Laser Micromachining", IEEE Transducers 2007, Lyon, France, 2007.
  10. S-O. Choi, S. Rajaraman, Y-K. Yoon, X. Wu and M.G. Allen, "3-D Patterned Microstructures using Inclined UV Exposure and Metal Transfer Micromolding", Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head, SC, 2006.
  11. S. Kumar, S. Rajaraman, Z.L. Wang and P.J. Hesketh, "Tin Oxide Nanosensor Fabrication using Dielectrophoretic Manipulation of Nanobelts", Electrochemical Micro and Nano Technologies Conference (EMT 2004), Tokyo, Japan, 2004.
  12. S. Rajaraman, H-S. Noh, A. Choudhury, J. Street, P.J. Hesketh and D.S. Gottfried, "Stereolithography based Development of Dielectrophoretic Microchannels for Enrichment of Bio-particles", 205^th^ Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, San Antonio, TX, 2004.
  13. T. Juneau, T. Chen, T. Brosnihan, S. Rajaraman, K. Chau and M. Judy, "Single Chip 1x84 MEMS Mirror Array for Optical Telecommunication Application", SPIE Conference on Micromachining and Microfabrication, San Jose, CA, 2003.

Conference Posters, Talks and Abstracts (at UCF)

  1. P.M. Morales Carvajal, A. Kundu, C. Didier, C. Hart, F. Sommerhage and S. Rajaraman, "Microfabrication and Assembly of a 3D Microelectrode Array (MEA) for Simultaneous Optical and Electrical Probing of an Electrogenic "Organ-on-a-Chip" Model", NanoFlorida 2019, Tampa, FL, Nov 2019.
  2. C. Didier, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Development of "Dynamic" 3D Microelectrodes using Optimized, 3D Printed Serpentines", NanoFlorida 2019, Tampa, FL, Nov 2019.
  3. L. Santra, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "A Minimally-Invasive 3D Printed Microneedle Array Applicator System (µNAAS) for Delivery of Therapeutics to Citrus Leaf Tissue", NanoFlorida 2019, Tampa, FL, Nov 2019.
  4. A. Kundu, C. Hart, C. Didier, L. Santra, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, "Microneedles as Wearable Devices for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Monitoring of Citrus Trees", NanoFlorida 2018, Melbourne, FL, Oct 2018
  5. L. Santra, T. Ausaf, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Microneedle-Assisted Delivery of Model Therapeutics to Plant Tissue", NanoFlorida 2018, Melbourne, FL, Oct 2018.
  6. C. Didier, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Micromachined 3D Microelectrode Arrays (MEAs), Functionalized Through Nanomaterial Electroplating for Tissue Culture in Space", NanoFlorida 2018, Melbourne, FL, Oct 2018
  7. C. Nattoo, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Optimization of Makerspace Microfabrication Techniques and Materials for 3D Printed Microelectrode Arrays", NanoFlorida 2018, Melbourne, FL, Oct 2018.
  8. S. Fremgen, S. Springer, A. Kundu and S. Rajaraman, "Comparison of the Technical Capabilities of Traditional Glass Surface Micromachining/Chip-on-Board and 3D Printing-based Microfabrication Technologies Utilizing a Microelectrode Array (MEA) as a Platform Device", the 11th International Meeting on Substrate-Integrated Microelectrode Arrays, Reutlingen, Germany, July 2018.
  9. S. Springer, S. Fremgen and S. Rajaraman, "Building a Modified Replicating Rapid-Prototyping Printer (RepRap) for Extrusion BioPlotting of Cardiomyocytes atop Planar Microelectrode Arrays (MEAs)" the 11th International Meeting on Substrate-Integrated Microelectrode Arrays, Reutlingen, Germany, July 2018.
  10. L. Santra, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, "Microneedle Assisted Delivery of Model Therapeutic in Plant Tissue", Florida American Vacuum Society Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 2018.

Conference Posters, Talks and Abstracts (Prior to UCF)

  1. R.J. Aguilar, G.S. Guvanasen, C. Karnati, T.R. Nichols, S.P. DeWeerth and S. Rajaraman, "Development of Microfabrication and Packaging Technologies toward a Conformable Microelectrode Array (cMEA)", Georgia Tech Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology First Annual User Meeting, Atlanta, GA, 2013.
  2. S. Rajaraman, C. Karnati, R.D. Grier, A.R. Schoenborn, C.M. Arrowood andJ.D. Ross, "High-Throughput Microelectrode Arrays (HTMEAs) for Network Electrophysiology", Society for Neuroscience Conference, New Orleans, LA, 2012.
  3. G.S. Guvanasen, S. Rajaraman, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "The Development of a Stretchable Conductive Polydimethyl Siloxane (PDMS) Penetrating Electrode Arrays for Intramuscular Recording", Neural Interfaces Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, 2012.
  4. S. Rajaraman, M.A. McClain, C. Karnati, R.D. Grier, I.C. Henrich and J.D. Ross, "Multiwell Microelectrode Arrays (MWMEAs) for Network Electrophysiology", Society of Neuroscience Conference, Washington, DC, 2011.
  5. J.D. Ross, S. Rajaramann, E. A. Brown, M.A. McClain, E. McConnell and T.J. O'Brien, "High Throughput Neurotoxic Screening with a Novel Microelectrode Array System" Society for Neuroscience Conference, Washington, DC, 2011.
  6. M.A. McClain, E.A. Brown, S. Rajaraman, T.J. O'Brien and J.D. Ross, "A Perfusion-Integrated MEA for Fluidic Control in Acute and Long-term Studies of Network Electrophysiology", Society for Neuroscience Conference, Washington, DC, 2011.
  7. P-C. Wang, B.A. Wester, S. Rajaraman, S-J. Paik, S-H. Kim and M.G. Allen, "Photolithographically-Patterned Hollow Polymer Microneedle Array", First International Conference on Microneedles, Atlanta, GA, 2010.
  8. B.A. Wester, J.D. Ross, S. Rajaraman, M.G. Allen and M.C. LaPlaca, "A Single Unit Neural Injury Model using Mechanically Actuated Microtweezers", Society of Neuroscience Conference, Chicago, IL, 2009.
  9. M. G. Allen, S-H. Kim, S. Rajaraman, P-C. Wang, H. Toreyin and B. A. Wester, "Microneedle Fabrication Methods", Microneedle Vaccination Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, 2008.
  10. S. Rajaraman, Y. Zhao, X. Wu, S-H. Kim and M.G. Allen, "Metal Transfer Micromolding (MTM) Process for High Aspect Ratio 3-D Structures with Functional Metal Surfaces", ASME Conf. on Flexible Automation, Atlanta, GA, 2008.
  11. J. McNeir, M. Gyamerah, S. Rajaraman, P.J. Hesketh, D.S. Gottfried and J. Gole, "Dielectrophoresis Based Micro-Devices for Separation and Analysis of Micro-Particles", AIChE Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2006.
  12. S. Rajaraman, S. Kumar, H-S. Noh, P.J. Hesketh and D.S. Gottfried, "Dielectrophoretic Micro-Devices for Manipulation of Nanowires and Macro-Molecules", Electrochemical Society Symposium on Electrochemical Systems, Sensors and MEMS, Atlanta, GA, 2004.
  13. S. Kumar, H. Shin, S. Rajaraman, P.J. Hesketh and Z.L. Wang, "SnO~2~ Nanosensor Fabrication", Electrochemical Society Symposium on Electrochemical Systems, Sensors and MEMS, Atlanta, GA, 2004.
  14. S. Rajaraman, B. Van Dyke, H.T. Henderson "Applications of Coherent Porous Silicon Technology in MEMS", International Conference on Nanocomputing - Technology Trends, Tamil Nadu, India, Dec 2001.

Invited Book Chapters

  1. S. Rajaraman, "Micromachining Techniques for the Realization of 3-D Microelectrode Arrays", Book Chapter in Nanotechnologies and Neuroscience: Nano-Electronic, Photonic and Mechanical Interfacing (Editors – M. De Vittorio, J. Assad and L. Martiradonna), Springer, New York, NY 2014.

Patents

  1. S. Rajaraman, C. Didier and A. Kundu, "Fabrication of 3D Microelectrodes and use Thereof in Multi-Functional Biosystems", US Provisional Patent Application 62/864,844, Filed: 2019.
  2. S. Rajaraman, L. Zhai, N. Azim and A. Kundu, "Fabrication of 3D Microelectrodes and use Thereof in Multi-Functional Biosystems", US Patent Application 16/404,729, Filed: 2019.
  3. S. Rajaraman, C. Didier and A. Kundu, "4D Biosensors and Methods for Producing the same", US Provisional Patent Application 62/838,620, Filed: 2019.
  4. S. Santra, S. Rajaraman, W-H. Lee, M. Campos and Y. Xu, "Phloem-based Therapeutics for Infected Crop Plants", US Patent Application 16/104,752, Filed: 2018
  5. S. Rajaraman, L. Zhai, N. Azim and A. Kundu, "Apparatus and Methods for a Culture-ready 3D Microelectrode Array (MEA) Device, US Provisional Patent Application 62/667,589, Filed: 2018.
  6. P. Rajasekaran, and S. Rajaraman, "Method and Apparatus for Determining a Presence of a Microorganism in a Sample", US Patent Application 15/952,158, Filed: 2018.
  7. S. Rajaraman, A. Kundu and T. Ausaf, "System and Method for Forming a Biological Microdevice", US Patent Application 15/887,556, Filed: 2018.
  8. S. Rajaraman and J. Thomas, "Plasmonic Interdigitated Electrodes (PIDEs) for in-vitro Analysis of Cells", US Provisional Patent Application 62/574935, Filed: 2017
  9. S. Santra, S. Rajaraman, and W-H. Lee, "Phloem-based Therapeautics for Infected Crop Plants", US Provisional Patent Application 62/547055, Filed: 2017
  10. P.E. Tyler, A.J. Preyer and S. Rajaraman, "Cell-Based Biosensor Array and Associated Methods for Manufacturing the same", US Patent Application 14825140, Filed: 2015.
  11. I.P. Clements, A.J. Preyer, S. Rajaraman, D.C. Millard and J.D. Ross, "Multiwell Microelectrode Array with Optical Stimulation", US Patent 9360469, Filed: 2015; Awarded: 2016.
  12. R.J. Butera, Y.A. Patel, J.D. Ross, S. Rajaraman and I.P. Clements, "Neural Interfacing Device", US Patent Application 2015/014122, Filed 2015.
  13. R.D. Grier, A.M. Nicolini, C.M. Arrowood and S. Rajaraman, "Devices, Systems and Methods for Targeted Plating of Materials in High-Throughput Culture Plates" US Patent Application 14/533,373, Filed 2014.
  14. S. Rajaraman, J.A. Bragg, J.D. Ross and A.J. Preyer, "A Non-Invasive, Segmentable Three-Dimensional Microelectrode Array Patch for Neurophysiological Diagnostics and Therapeutic Stimulation", US Patent 9700221Filed 2014; Awarded: 2017.
  15. S. Rajaraman, J.D. Ross and A.J. Preyer, "Devices, Systems and Methods for High-Throughput Electrophysiology", US Patent 9279801Filed: 2013; Awarded: 2016.
  16. S. Rajaraman, J.D. Ross and A.J. Preyer, "Devices, Systems and Methods for High-Throughput Electrophysiology", US Patent 9329168Filed: 2013; Awarded: 2016.
  17. S. Rajaraman, J.D. Ross and A.J. Preyer, "Culture well Plate" US and EU Design Patent Application 2281386, Filed 2013.
  18. G.S. Guvanasen, S. Rajaraman, R. Aguilar, L. Guo, T.R. Nichols and S.P. DeWeerth, "3-D Microelectrode Device for Live Tissue Applications", US Patent 9248273, Filed 2013; Awarded 2015.
  19. M.G. Allen, Y-K. Yoon, J-H. Park, X. Wu, Y. Zhao, S-O. Choi and S. Rajaraman, "Method for Making Electrically Conductive Three-Dimensional Structures", US Patent 9330820, Filed 2013; Awarded: 2016.
  20. J.D. Ross, E.A. Brown, S. Rajaraman, M.G. Allen and B.C. Wheeler "Apparatus and Methods for High Throughput Network Electrophysiology and Cellular Analysis", US Patent 9290756, Filed 2010; Awarded: 2016.
  21. M. Karpman and S. Rajaraman, "Shadow Mask and Method of making the same", US Patent Number 6893976. Analog Devices Inc., Filed: 2002, Awarded: 2005.

Invited Technical Talks

  1. S. Rajaraman, "Makerspace Micro/Nanofabrication Technologies for 2D and 3D Microelectrode Arrays (MEAs) and 3D Printing Facilities at UCF", AxoGen Invited Talk, AxoGen Inc., Alachua, FL, Feb 2020.
  2. A. Kundu, M. Campos, S. Santra and S. Rajaraman, "Precision Vascular Delivery of Agrochemicals with Micromilled Microneedles" Fourth International Materials Innovation in Sustainable Agriculture (MISA) Meeting, Orlando, FL, Oct 2019.
  3. S. Rajaraman, "Makerspace Micro/Nanofabrication Technologies for 2D and 3D Microelectrode Arrays (MEAs) towards Organ on a Chip Applications", Nordic Organ on a Chip Meeting 2019, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland, August 2019.
  4. S. Rajaraman, "Development of 3D Micromachining Technologies for Microneedles and Microelectrodes with Applications in Biology and Agriculture", Florida A&M University, School of Pharmacy Seminar, Tallahassee, FL, Apr 2019.
  5. S. Rajaraman, "Microneedle Technology: An Established Biomedical Innovation Transitioning into a Novel Agricultural Diagnostic and Therapeutic Device" Third International Materials Innovation in Sustainable Agriculture (MISA) Meeting, Orlando, FL, Oct 2018.
  6. S. Rajaraman, "Makerspace Microfabrication Technologies towards the Fabrication of Biological Microdevices", Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Seminar, Atlanta, GA, Oct 2018.
  7. A. Kundu, C. Hart, C. Didier, L. Santra, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, "Microneedles as Wearable Devices for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Monitoring of Citrus Trees", NanoFlorida 2018, Melbourne, FL, Oct 2018.
  8. S. Rajaraman, "Makerspace Microfabrication Technologies towards the Fabrication of Biological Microdevices", Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Labs REDD Seminar Series, Laurel, MD, May 2018.
  9. S. Rajaraman, "Makerspace Microfabrication Technologies towards the Fabrication of Biological Microdevices", Florida American Vacuum Society Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 2018.
  10. S. Rajaraman, "Micro and NanoElectrode Arrays and their role in Advancing Human Health", Medical MEMS Conference 2017, Santa Clara, CA, November 2017.
  11. S. Rajaraman, "Development of Micro/NanoElectrode Arrays and their role in Advancing Human Health", Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering Seminar, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, April 2017.
  12. S. Rajaraman, "Development of Micro/NanoElectrode Arrays and their role in Advancing Neuroscience Applications", University of Miami Neural Engineering Research Symposium, Miami, FL, October 2016.
  13. S. Rajaraman, "Wearable and Stretchable Three-Dimensional Microelectrode Arrays for Diagnostic and Implantable Applications", Sensors Midwest Expo, Chicago, IL, September 2016.
  14. S. Rajaraman, "Industrial Applications of Micro/Nano Technologies in Life Sciences", Georgia Tech Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology Microfabrication Workshop (Spring 2015), Atlanta, GA, June 2015.
  15. S. Rajaraman, "High-Throughput in vitro and in vivo Microelectrode Arrays (MEAs)", Second Annual Conference on Biomedical MEMS and Sensors, Cleveland, OH, April 2013.
  16. S. Rajaraman, "Careers in Micro/Nanoscale Science and Engineering", NSF NNIN Research Experience Undergraduate (REU) Annual Convocation, Atlanta, GA, August 2011.
  17. S. Rajaraman, "MEMS Micro-tools for Micromanipulation and MicroAssembly", Commercialization Symposium for Govt. of Pakistan Delegation organized by ATDC, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA, June 2010.
  18. B.A. Wester and S. Rajaraman, "MEMS Micro-tools for Micromanipulation and MicroAssembly", Society of Manufacturing Engineers Conference on Micro and Nano Manufacturing, Mesa, AZ, April 2010.
  19. S. Rajaraman, "Commercialization of Micro/Nanotechnology: Early Stage Start-up Perspective", Transatlantic Workshop on Nanotechnology Initiative and Commercialization, Atlanta, GA, March 2010.
  20. S. Rajaraman, J. McDonald and J.D. Meindl, "Nanotechnology Research Center's Commercialization Activities", Bernard Marcus Foundation Board of Directors Meeting, Boca Raton, FL, Nov. 2009.
  21. S. Rajaraman and T. J. O'Brien,"Axion BioSystems: A Neural Interfacing Company", Nano@Tech Presentation at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, Sept. 2009.